example, for May 1837, can be seen here >
rails on which these engines operated pass through
Goosepool. Coincidentally, during 1959-60 the
webmaster served there in the
Royal Air Force when it was known as R.A.F.
Middleton-St-George. In those Cold War days
night fighters of 33 Squadron on final approach would cross the old
S&DR line, and the beams of their landing lights would at times
stream through the carriage windows of a passenger train. (As seen from
Driver of No.15 Northumbrian (Majestic class, as was No.13
last of the Majestic engines in service was sold at
auction in Shildon for £100, apparently to Timothy Hackworth.
(pp 61-62, The Locomotives of the S&DR, by T.R.Pearce)
family were living at East Thickley ( aka New Shildon ).
Their entry in the facsimile of
the 1841 census has faded, almost illegible, as the
permitted to write in pencil. William
was recorded as an 'Engine-man'. Only the youngest
Robert age 6 (my g.grandfather) was at home and a search
revealed William's other children
living with their
maternal grandmother Elizabeth Orton, at The Elms, Hutton Rudby,
Yorkshire. [now no.5 North Side, n.e.corner of the village green, and
almost back to back with the Bay Horse public house]. The
Elms was the home of James Flounders, a retired farmer
wife of a convict deported to Australia. She was
marriage. James was a first
Flounders one of the promoters
Stockton and Darlington Railway Company. As William Brown
son-in-law of James Flounders' housekeeper, I wonder
whether this led to his secure employment
with S&DR ?
10 The date of the
opening of the Shildon Tunnel between East Thickley and South Church.
The tunnel improved access northwards to the coalmines of the Wear
Valley; and especially all other traffic between Darlington
The precise date
might be disputed.
I received it on face value
whilst researching the life of stone mason 'Benjamin
(link includes a photo). He (17) and/or his father it is
actually worked on the Shildon Tunnel.
Driver of No.12 Trader (Tory
which was a new engine in that
Driver of No.30 Wear (Miner
Driver of No.13 Ocean (Tory
class) / was No.29
Driver of No.49 Raby Castle. She
was a 2-2-2 coaching
engine in a class of her own. Herapath's Railway
in 1841 stated that "The Raby Castle is a beautiful engine for her size
and weight and second to none that I have yet seen. She is a
steady, active, neat, tight little engine capable of generating more
steam than she has the weight to apply to it".
A side elevation
Castle from Kitching's original drawing
new in 1839 the webmaster believes that Raby Castle was
least very similar to those engines delivered to the Tsar in
1836, and said to have cost at least £2000 each.
The copper medal
shown below was
struck in Russia to commemorate the opening
of the Tsarskoye
Selo Railway on 30 Oct 1836
Note the 'family' resemblance of the engine depicted here with Kitching's drawing of Raby Castle.
The above image
remains of Bradyll ( ? ), an engine of the same era as 'Coronation'
the identity is in some doubt.
She can be seen at the Locomotion Museum at Shildon, County Durham.
From the image it seems
that the missing cylinders were
sides of the smoke-box,
(here painted black) and inclined toward the
wheels at the far 'stoking' end of the boiler,
i.e not as Coronation's which were vertical and linked to the
& connecting-rod via a crankshaft.
But - - - - :
I have sneaking suspicion that in an earlier life this relic was
Coronation-13, the tired old engine
bought at auction in 1841
by her creator Timothy Hackworth.
It is common practice in engineering to use existing hardware as the
basis of a new development.
The positions of the blast-pipe; chimney; and fire-box are a match, and
guess is that the boiler,
could be 4ft. diameter x 13ft. long, with 105 smoke tubes.
Read on for
poster of 1937
by Mr Timothy Hackworth in honour of the coronation of King William
"Coronation" engine from needlework picture in the John Phillimore
collection of early railway relics.
Forerunner of the "Coronation" 1937 L-N-E-R streamline train King's
Cross and Edinburgh.
LONDON & NORTH EASTERN RAILWAY
Web-master's note :- The artwork/needlework in the poster is by
artist Doris Zinkeisen 1898 - 1991
Census: William is not
at home in
Temperance Street, Shildon, but
census page shows him in
railwaymen's lodgings at Wolverton-St-George, Bucks (200 miles away)
another engine-driver, his
Greathead . I wonder if they
any of the engines mentioned above, such as Raby Castle ?
" Driver of 1852 "
by Henry Thomas Alken
only : Westmoreland
poet John Close wrote about characters he met on the railway station at
nearby Kirby Stephen. Among those were, in his words "Also
Clough and Henderson, Mineral and Plate Inspectors and Mr Richardson,
engine inspector. All are
1863 the S&DR
lost its independence
and was then operated as the Darlington Section of the North
Eastern Railway until
: William Brown shown as an Engine-driver.
family were living in Company's Row (Adelaide St) his youngest son
(fitter) was present. His eldest son
George 37 (foundryman)
and family were living next-door.
To date I have
123 pages for
website including 44 for my relation Ann (also a descendant of William
Brown). In 2012 it was Ann who brought
the following large photograph of engineers and a
locomotive to my
I believe it was snapped and framed in 1873 then
generations. Ann and I had different grandmothers, remote from each
other, and both descendants of William Brown, who
more or less the same story that " - - an ancestor
delivered the first locomotive to Russia - - ".
The original photograph lacks provenance, as to
the best of my knowledge it has neither labels nor a signature, also
Ann and her close family have been unable to identify any of the people
in the frame. However,
great-grandfather's image in
both of the following photographs has encouraged me
to rethink the situation.
my opinion the
was photographed in 1873 at Soho, Shildon
during the formal handover of a new engine
The date might have been William Brown's 70th
of October 1873.
On the left, a
Danish carte-de-visite by FR VISBY of my g.grandfather Robert
HFM Visby's pen and ink autograph is on the back of the card.
Robert can also be seen in the image of the large contact-print.
(I guess that the actual print, if it
still exists is 8.5" wide.)
When the penny
dropped, I realised that
the four men standing on
the engine's running board are all Mrs
i.e. her son Robert 37; her husband William 70; her son George
39, and her
son William 23;
and 'locomotive superintendent' William Bouch is in the foreground, fourth
All told : I think I see four
Browns; three N.E.R. principals; and two painters.
the outlines of the engine and shed it seems that the
heavy camera and
tripod were standing very close to
Mr.Bouch's kitchen door,
and that the freshly painted
engine was facing the main entrance of Timothy Hackworth's loco
identification of photographer 'Fr Visby'.
- A sketch
to prove the
location can be seen here > > > (go
In previous issues of this page I assumed that Robert
annotated 'FR VISBY' & 'AARHUS' was taken in
Denmark. However, I now think
that photographer Visby was actually present in Shildon
as a co-opted member of
the Danish delegation, so it follows that he might have
taken both photographs
For reference only : At the end of same month
presented him with
a baby girl who later became famous as a writer, namely Thora Visby
A search of
the internet has
found a likely candidate in Hans
Frederik Meyer Visby
also known as 'Fred' Visby (1839 - 1926). The son of a
of Aarhus he
was a well-heeled tourist
a young man travelled widely in Central America.
After his return to Aarhus in 1869 he appears to have taken
up photography as
an enterprise, and between 1874 & 1876 he had a
the corner of :
Great Square and St.Clemens Torv in Aarhus
However as he
lived until 1926 he
is better remembered as
a notable artist in oils
and watercolours. Images of his paintings can be found now in
internet auctions etc.
Click on the portrait
"An interior with a young woman reading an Easter letter"
location was Soho, New Shildon. This
village-within-a-village was from 1840 the home of a series of
principal engineers (and their families) such as Hackworth; Bouch;
MacNay; and maybe Bouch's successor Edward Fletcher. Their
accommodation, two large
terraced cottages are still there
and remain now as a feature of the 'Locomotion' site of the National
Railway Museum. The '70th birthday' photo was taken very close to the
back of the cottages where, about 30 years earlier
his assembly shop. (For reference only: In the 1871 census a
notable guest of the
Bouchs was a lady listed as a ship-owner.)
- I believe Mr.Bouch
is in the
group photograph, fourth from the right, and that the man third from
is Mr.William MacNay
Works". He was Bouch's next door neighbour.
- By 1873 locomotive
dwindled, so it was fortuitous for the local economy
made elsewhere such as Newcastle; Darlington;
Glasgow could be
brought in for painting and general finishing such as the application
- Fortunately, I
by a pen friend (James Armstrong) to identify the
locomotive:- No.61 was " - - the first of four
by R & W Hawthorn Ltd of Newcastle for Denmark in 1873 - -
engine-driver seated on the sand-box and the gentlemen on the left in
suits and shiny-shoes seem 'foreign' to me. Were they Viking officials
of the Danish Government Railways ?
- Focussing on the
engine, it bears an uncanny resemblance to the extant NER 1275 which
can be looked up here.
NER 1275 was designed by William Bouch and built in
i.e. about a year after the
was exported. Generically I believe both engines are known as
'Stephenson Long Boilers'. An obvious difference between the
is that no.61 had outside cylinders.
- If I am right
Fred Visby recording the
men-and-loco scene, we should
applaud him for his thoughtful composition and choreography.
seems to have marshalled the group into
five distinct parties. I think I see four
Browns; three N.E.R. principals; two painters; and of course
star of the show, engine no.61 - - - (At this point, I must
kite-flying as it can stimulate positive feedback ! )
- William's son
Shildon under Mr Bouch; then around 1861 he took his family and
then to the Beyer-Peacock works at Gorton, Manchester; then in the
early 1870s he returned to his homeland of
Co.Durham with his
wife Ann (Adamson) and seven
daughters to reside
in Westgate, Newcastle-upon-Tyne. His eighth daughter my
grandmother was born there in 1876.
- On the
day of the Shildon assembly the agenda would
have included several photographs. Aside
photos ours is what I would call
i.e. not on the books but I guess arranged ad-hoc at the discretion
Bouch as a part of William's birthday treat. Mr
Bouch would easily have covered the cost as after his death in
1876 his Will shows a probate valuation of about
Bouch; William Brown and his sons were Shildon
villagers, and were among
the last of the true S&DR men. As with
any village there was the social network. For
in the 1840s Bouch's general manager was Daniel
Robert married Adamson's niece / and there would have been
times when W.Brown and W.Bouch chewed the fat over their individual
experiences of working in Russia, i.e. W.Brown went to St.Petersburg in
along with the 16 year old John Hackworth, and pre-1840
Mr.Bouch was, for a number of years, chief-engineer on a
the Russian Navy. As for
socialising in general there was of course 'the pub', such as the Grey
Horse Inn which had served
as the Adamson-nest for many years.
- We should not be
surprised at the
lack of evidence to substantiate my story. In the
education was poor and illiteracy rife. For
example in 1831 when William Brown and Mary Orton were
St.Thomas' Church, Stockton neither of them
managed their 'mark' in the register with a legible 'X'.
However I know that
Timothy Hackworth pushed his men into further-education,
and that the
facsimiles of the Engine-men's-Wages show us William's
written 'in a good fist'.
- Summarising the
William's point of view. He would be pleased that his three
had been rounded up to share his
prominence on the engine. And, meeting up with the
engineers would have reminded him of his own excursion to
St.Petersburg with the 16 year old John Hackworth.
in August 2007
(My wife Dorothy at the front door)
Previously known as Soho House, it was home of Timothy
Hackworth 1831 - 1850.
I wonder if the engine-men of old queued on that path for
The locomotive finishing shop (demolished in 1946) would have
the bungalows on the left.
1875 was the year
of the S&DR
Jubilee. J.S.Jeans, author of the official record
included a brief tribute to William Bouch :-
"The Shildon (Miner
class) no.1033 was
- by Mr
William Bouch. It has been running
continually since that
the Stockton and Darlington line, and is yet, to all appearance, fit
for a good deal of service."
(In 1969, another vehicle covered about the same distance on its way to
the Moon. Ed.)
No.1033 Shildon (Miner
class) 1845 - 1877
1876 January 19 William
Bouch died age 63 at Melcombe Regis, Dorset.
The executor of
his Will was his
believe shows us a familial likeness.
Thomas Bouch, civil engineer
1822 - 1880
1885 Oct 19 William
Company Cottages, New Shildon.
Remarkably at age of 82 his death certificate still gives his
widow lived with her
daughter Ann's family at
Heighington. (The place is still there, now a Grade
An image believed
to have come to
light from an early postcard
Stephenson's viaduct which
was built in 1824 (link) over the River
Auckland, Co. Durham. Throughout its early development the
carry only horse-drawn traffic, so it is surprising
to see it
bearing an engine of the Director class,
first of which was delivered in 1832.
27th of September
The opening day of the Stockton and Darlington Railway had arrived.
Locomotion No.1 with fire in her
belly is racing toward Stockton-on-Tees.
which much of the above was gleaned :
- The Locomotives of
Stockton and Darlington Railway (ISBN 0 902835 14 9) by T.R.Pearce
- History of the
and Darlington Railway (ISBN 0 85983 050 0) by J.S.Jeans (1875)
see the following appendix to this page :
- Timothy Hackworth
Locomotive by Robert Young (1925)
link plays folk music appropriate to the life and times of our
Many thanks to
of Helen Osborne Research Ltd. SW20 9LB for her professional work on my
behalf at the National Archives.
Below, a different aspect of the setting used in 1873
for William's 70th birthday party. (go
My mode of
declaration > reader critique consideration > to amendment
and reissue has been
known to make some readers feel rather queasy.
However for more
ten years the
technique has served me well.
I liken it to the new science of
geology as invented by
Dr James Hutton 1726 -
1797, hence "Huttonian".
For fluency and to
otherwise bumpy ride many data
sources have been omitted.
This website in one pair of hands is as much as I can cope
Finally I must admit to encounters with Ghosts !
Sometimes, late at night when trawling the records I have
been assisted by ghosts and they often insist on directing me !
"There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio, than are dreamt of
in your philosophy."
William Shakespeare / Hamlet (1.5.167-8)
© 2008 -