Daniel Adamson of Shildon
Farmer, Inn-keeper, travel-agent,
and one of my ancestors
^ click ^
Daniel Adamson's Coach House and
Claimed to be the first
public railway station in the World.
Daniel, and William his third son, operated a modified stagecoach on
the rails of the Stockton and Darlington Railway. The original
point of departure was near the Masons' Arms at New Shildon, but when
the Surtees line was opened through Old Shildon they built their
now famous Coach House and Ticket Office near the Grey Horse Inn at the
top of Byerley Road.
1778 Apr 24 Daniel was baptised at St.Andrew's Auckland. His
parents were Matthew
Adamson, yeoman farmer, and Susanna Turner of Shildon.
1800 Dec 4 He married Nanny Gibson daughter of Joseph and Nancy
of Bowbank, Romaldkirk, Co. Durham.
Children : George 1801; Joseph 1803; Ann 1804; William 1805; Daniel ( I
) 1808; Jane 1809; John 1810; Daniel ( II ) 1811; Susannah 1812;
Margaret 1814; Elizabeth (1) 1816; Elizabeth (2) 1818; Daniel ( III )
1820; Mary 1822; Hannah 1825; a sixtennth child was either stillborn or
not baptised according to Frank Hutchinson.
Daniel (III ) Engineer, and First Chairman of the Manchester Ship
For reference :
1825 Sep 27 The formal opening day of the Stockton and
Darlington Railway. By proclamation the first train was to be
'marshalled' near the Masons'
Arms at New Shildon as follows : No.1) The Company's Locomotive
> 2) The Engine's Tender with water and coals, > 3) Six Wagons
laden with Coals, Merchandise, etc, > 4) The Committee and other
Proprietors in the coach belonging to the Company, > 5) Six Wagons,
with seats reserved for Strangers. >6 Fourteen Wagons, for the
conveyance of Workmen and others. The Whole of the above to
proceed to Stockton. (This partial notice
was extracted from, "History of the Stockton and Darlington Railway",
c.1826 - 1827 Building of
"The Coach House and Ticket
- Daniel as the inn-keeper of the
Grey Horse played his part by providing refreshments for the revellers,
e.g. barrels of beer were laid on. Stuffing the barrels into a
hedgerow created a convenient stillage ! (When I rediscover the
source of this information I will add it to the story ! )
1832 Nov 2 The following list was published in a statement about the
horsedrawn traffic on the railway : "Messrs Adamson's coach, travelling
between Darlington and Shildon - - - length of stage 8 miles; number of
journeys per week, 12; total number of passengers per week, 74; average
number of passengers per journey, 6 " It should be said that
there were about about 5 (five) other
companies running similar services on other branches.
Originally the track was 'single' with sidings at
intervals of a
quarter of a mile for the passing of oncoming traffic. The scene
at the top of this page would have been at one of those sidings.
When traffic did meet head-on, arguments would break out between
the drivers as to which of them should back up. This problem was
resolved by installing posts mid-way between the sidings, and 'right of
way' was accorded to the driver 'first past the post'.
1832 Feb 28, Daniel died (probably from the cholera of that year) aged
1832 Mar 2, He was buried at St.Andrew's, (Bishop) Auckland
Recommended reading :
a) Daniel Adamson of Shildon 1778 - 1832, by Frank Hutchinson
b) History of the Stockton and
Darlington Railway, by J.S.Jeans, 1875
c) The Tale of the Adamsons, & some other north country families,
by Sally Adamson (architect and a descendent of D.A.)
d) Timothy Hackworth and the
Locomotive, by Robert Young